In an interview, Marina Abramović, the grandmother of performance art, had expressed her view on the future art – “I believe that the art of the future will be an art without objects, because in the communication of pure energy, the object appears as an obstacle.” Marina Abramović thought that the artists could communicate with the viewers directly by using “pure energy”. Her view made me interested in “pure energy” and inspired me to do my ISP about it in order to represent the key-phrase “not an art object”.
Goy (interviewer): As people are supposed to participate physically in your shows, can colors and materials express an immediate meaning, beyond cultural limits?
Abramovic: Well, that’s possible. But the basic idea in that participation comes from the fact that the public has always been passive in its relationships to works of art. Galleries and museums are some holy places where you can look at works that you’re not supposed to touch. I’m very interested in a sentence by Duchamp, saying that the artist is not the only one who should be creative: the public should be creative too. Art has changed a lot, but the public didn’t change that much, and the artists are preparing, by the way they live and transform themselves, an art which could be completely mentally developed. I believe that the art of the future will be an art without objects, because in the communication of pure energy, the object appears as an obstacle.
The only way for me to transmit my experience from the Chinese Wall was to build those “transient objects,” which are not sculptures but tools that help to make a work. During my walk I realized that my state of mind was different according to the metals in the ground. This relates to legends which describe the Chinese Wall as a dragon of energy. We all know that quartz is used to convey energy: this is not culturally limited. (Extract from an interview with Marina Abramović)
I started to do some researches on “pure energy”. After my researching, I found that it was impossible to use “pure energy” to do an artwork because there seemed to be no such thing in the world. “Pure energy” means energy without quantity. Every form of energy has its quantity so that we can measure each of them. If energy does not have a quantity, it does not exist.
Physicist: Unfortunately, “pure energy” isn’t really a thing. Whenever you hear someone talking about something or other being “turned into pure energy”, you’re listening to someone who could stand to be a little more specific about what kind of energy. And whenever you hear someone talking about something being “made of pure energy”, you’re probably listening to someone who’s mistaken.
There’s this quantity, that takes a lot of forms (physical movement, electromagnetic fields, being physically high in a gravitational well, chemical potential, etc., etc.). We can measure each of them, and we know that the total value between all of the various forms stays constant, and with every constant, measurable thing it gets a name; energy. (Extract from Ask a Mathematician / Ask a Physicist)
Therefore, I gave up this idea and tried to find another inspiration.
In the interview, Marina Abramović had also mentioned that “Art has changed a lot, but the public didn’t change that much, and the artists are preparing, by the way they live and transform themselves, an art which could be completely mentally developed.” (See the upper extract) Marina believed that an art could be mentally developed, but I am not interested in mentally developing an artwork. I want to do my ISP about mentality instead of that.
The mentality is our feelings, attitudes and ways of thinking. These three things are immaterial and not objects. People always use the word “heart” to express their feelings and thoughts. For example, we have an idiom “bleeding heart” to describe someone who feels too much sympathy for people such as poor people or criminals. “After one’ s own heart” means to be liked for agreeing with one’ s own feelings or interests or ideas.
This discovery inspired me to do my ISP about “heart” in order to represent mentality and the key-phrase “not an art object”.